The shutdown is usually at the end of each working day, but what’s going on actually in the background?ULTIMATE TECH NEWS illuminated invisible background mechanisms.
US for several reasons, it is advisable, and thus shut down Windows PC regularly: At the end of a working day it saves especially electricity – if the computer perform any conversions or to fulfill server functions, it must not be switched on. Also to pace losses helps the shutdown: The computer clears this memory and filled him later. These measures will help the system to bounce back when Windows feels tough in operation.Depending on the hardware and software configuration claimed the shutdown seconds or even minutes. Who wants to know what happens at the procedure in the background, is right here.
There are several ways to shut down: Most users click on the Start menu in Windows 7 on the same button. In Windows 8 you go the way of the Charms bar, approximately via Windows key and C appear, or about the Start buttons right-click menu. In Windows 10 satisfy the Start menu clicks on / off and shutdown. Alternatively, there are also here a shutdown option from the Start Button Right-click menu. Alt and F4 to press on the desktop, offers itself everywhere.
“Start” of terminating
Some users wondering what actually has to look for the shutdown function in the Start menu. It starts here, after all, software. On closer Think you realize: Even when you shut down one starts something. This is based on a program called “shutdown.exe” that / is located in the Windows System32 folder. This system module turns active when exiting or restarting Windows. Who wants, presses the Windows key and R and then typing shutdown a. Even so Windows terminates. Useful is the keyboard off when appending parameters: For example, type shutdown -s -t 60 a, the operating system switches the PC in one minute. The command shutdown -a interrupts the countdown at the request again. Incidentally, there are malicious programs, such as the Sassier worm, which spread via the Internet and Windows systems that lack important security updates, also infested with no user intervention – it is enough to be connected to the Internet. Such malicious programs force that Windows finished. Technically succeed in that is “lsass.exe” finished in the background of the process. The Sacking of this part of the system from the memory effect is always that the operating system goes to sleep after a waiting period.
Shutdown is “boot backwards”
During boot-up and by manual program starts landing data in memory, they disappear when you shut down. Windows terminates the recalled data and also themselves. These include both processes (program components) as well as services. The latter are mini-programs, usually without their own surface. Even parts of the system such as the idle process, the interested user can not shoot in my task manager, disappear from memory.Filesystems, so the storage units eingebundener drives such as USB sticks, report Windows 7, 8 and 10 from. Should you have any documents to be open, which are not stored, Windows interrupts the shutdown and asks if you really want to proceed.Whoever denies, has the option to save it a new file or changes yet. Stopping the system would then re-initiating.
Windows 7 on un modernsten
The successor of the aged Windows 7 have a Quick Start function that affects on startup and shutdown: You should both accelerate strongly. In ULTIMATE TECH NEWS test of Windows 10 it was found that Windows 8 and 10 slower boot than Windows 7 – missed effect. The technology behind the Windows 7 followers is certainly modern: The start and finish systems no longer completely. When you shut down Windows 8 and 10 secure the contents of the kernel (kernel) in a driver file called hiberfil.sys. Similarly hibernation conveyed your system during the next boot does not laboriously all needed data again into the main memory; rather, Windows retrieves the content from the hiberfil.sys. One advantage is a potential time savings. The disadvantage: The Quick Start partly leads several used in parallel systems to slow down. In addition, could Linux Live CDs that work from the outside disk files, damage Windows. And the PC over the network using WOL data packets (W ake o n L AN) boot, which works from afar, fails in quick start is activated.
Privacy settings as a brake
If you value privacy, activates the hidden preference that Windows deletes the swap file at shutdown. The file contains data from memory – and might contain confidential information such as passwords in plain text. Do you want to prevent a third party could spy on the data, overwriting the contents when you exit Windows 7/8/10 on request. The security comes but benefit only marginally. The reason: Gets a stranger PC access, he does not need to analyze the pagefile. Rather, He stood open all other hard drive data that are easier to tap. How do you make the swap file for a bit more security unrecognizable, says a counselor. Since changes to the hard disk contents, the shutdown by a few seconds delay. After experiences of ULTIMATE TECH NEWS the automatic fire extinguishing system is not working, if the Quick Start feature of the system is active.On a Windows 10 test notebook shutdown lasted security-enabled function 34 seconds without 12 seconds.
Data Storage: part of the security concept
Shuts down Windows successfully, it stores a portion of the actual state from internally.So it works to restore the PC operating software in case of problems. In the Registry database (registry) Windows puts his settings centrally from, and here there is a backup: Important settings duplicated the system under HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SYSTEM into several key named. Control Set (…) If in the future a mistake prevent the startup, helps the function Last Known Good Configuration. They start the system with those intact settings that allow a smooth start-up. By after switching on the PC several times F8press, get the self-healing function presented. In Windows 7 this option will not appear in Windows 8 and 10 easily, however. Both the F8 key and said repair entry is here to activate consuming command line and Registry Editor. The fact that the entry is missing, is the way most of Microsoft wanted: The Registry System Backup works anyway only when Quick Start is disabled. By default, however, is turned on.
Show Detailed instructions per set change
Who cares for what is in progress at shutdown in detail, draws on a professional function in Windows. It allows both the analysis of high- and shutdown. Once turned on, you receive status messages about the running in the background operations. How unlocking the hidden information works, explains the article “Finding out what happened during the shutdown process.” Important note: Only if the Quick Start feature of Windows is 8/10 disabled, notes will appear during termination. The server versions of Windows designed for professional use to show the background information the way by default. This applies, inter alia, for Windows Server 2008 and 2016th